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python升级后,如何给virtualenv里的python进行升级

python升级后,如何给virtualenv里的python进行升级

python升级后,如何给virtualenv里的python进行升级

 

如题:virtualenv的python版本是3.6.4,现在装了3.7.4,如何将virtualenv里的版本也更新到3.7.4呢?如果是3.6,那么这种跨大版本的又该如何升级到3.7呢?

这个问题我是这样解决的,其实如果python2的话我觉得是没有必要进行升级,因为使用包可能面临着必须要重新安装的情况,如果溶蚀python3的话就好解决了,从理论上上讲,同一个版本的迭代应该不会有太大的区别,除非改动太大了,这个情况的话,建议重新建立一个virtualenv比较妥当一些。

前提我本地是有一个.env3的虚拟环境的,而且现在里面的python版本指向的是一个3.6的版本

 '/usr/local/Cellar/python/3.7.4/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/3.7/Python' -> '/Users/durban/python/.env3/.Python'

现在我进行了覆盖式的操作

virtualenv -p /usr/local/Cellar/python/3.7.4/bin/python3 .env3

然后报错了,错误如下

unning virtualenv with interpreter /usr/local/Cellar/python/3.7.4/bin/python3
Already using interpreter /usr/local/opt/python/bin/python3.7
Using base prefix '/usr/local/Cellar/python/3.7.4/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/3.7'
New python executable in /Users/durban/python/.env3/bin/python3.7
Not overwriting existing python script /Users/durban/python/.env3/bin/python (you must use /Users/durban/python/.env3/bin/python3.7)
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "/usr/local/lib/python3.7/site-packages/virtualenv.py", line 420, in copyfile
    os.symlink(os.path.realpath(src), dest)
FileExistsError: [Errno 17] File exists: '/usr/local/Cellar/python/3.7.4/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/3.7/Python' -> '/Users/durban/python/.env3/.Python'

During handling of the above exception, another exception occurred:

Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "/usr/local/lib/python3.7/site-packages/virtualenv.py", line 2632, in <module>
    main()
  File "/usr/local/lib/python3.7/site-packages/virtualenv.py", line 870, in main
    symlink=options.symlink,
  File "/usr/local/lib/python3.7/site-packages/virtualenv.py", line 1156, in create_environment
    install_python(home_dir, lib_dir, inc_dir, bin_dir, site_packages=site_packages, clear=clear, symlink=symlink)
  File "/usr/local/lib/python3.7/site-packages/virtualenv.py", line 1629, in install_python
    copyfile(os.path.join(prefix, "Python"), virtual_lib, symlink)
  File "/usr/local/lib/python3.7/site-packages/virtualenv.py", line 423, in copyfile
    copy_file_or_folder(src, dest, symlink)
  File "/usr/local/lib/python3.7/site-packages/virtualenv.py", line 403, in copy_file_or_folder
    shutil.copy2(src, dest)
  File "/usr/local/Cellar/python/3.7.4/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/3.7/lib/python3.7/shutil.py", line 266, in copy2
    copyfile(src, dst, follow_symlinks=follow_symlinks)
  File "/usr/local/Cellar/python/3.7.4/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/3.7/lib/python3.7/shutil.py", line 121, in copyfile
    with open(dst, 'wb') as fdst:
FileNotFoundError: [Errno 2] No such file or directory: '/Users/durban/python/.env3/.Python'

从错误可以看出来问题在哪里,原因是因为.env3里面已经存在了一个/Users/durban/python/.env3/.Python

看下指向了哪里

$ ll .env3/.Python
lrwxr-xr-x  1 durban  staff    78B  5  7  2018 .env3/.Python -> /usr/local/Cellar/python/3.6.5/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/3.6/Python

那试着删除下吧

$ rm .env3/.Python

删除后在执行下看看

$ virtualenv -p /usr/local/Cellar/python/3.7.4/bin/python3 .env3
Running virtualenv with interpreter /usr/local/Cellar/python/3.7.4/bin/python3
Already using interpreter /usr/local/opt/python/bin/python3.7
Using base prefix '/usr/local/Cellar/python/3.7.4/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/3.7'
New python executable in /Users/durban/python/.env3/bin/python3.7
Not overwriting existing python script /Users/durban/python/.env3/bin/python (you must use /Users/durban/python/.env3/bin/python3.7)
Installing setuptools, pip, wheel...
done.
Overwriting /Users/durban/python/.env3/bin/activate with new content
Overwriting /Users/durban/python/.env3/bin/activate.fish with new content
Overwriting /Users/durban/python/.env3/bin/activate.csh with new content
Overwriting /Users/durban/python/.env3/bin/activate_this.py with new content

居然初始化成功了,从结果上来看应该是没有删除我们已经安装的包的。

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